Isabella Sanchez: Career Essay #2 (Overdue)

Position: Voice Actress (My #2 career choice)

Position Description: Voice actors are individuals that use their voices and acting skills in order to be used for work such as animations, cartoons, commercials, radio dramas, video games, etc. Voice acting is essentially, “The art of doing voiceovers.” 

Salary Range: The salary can range depending on how much experience you have as a voice actor. But the average voice actor has a salary of $31,400 a year. If you’re an entry level voice actor, you can expect to earn $18, 390 a year. An experienced voice actor has an average annual salary of $90,000 a year.

Education and training: A college education isn’t really necessary, but voice and acting training is definitely required. Having a voice-over coach is important and recommended because they can help train how to find your true voice, and they can teach you how to use your voice healthily. They can help you develop strong technique and control with your voice. Taking acting classes is important too because voice-acting is a form of acting, and it’s important to know how to use your voice in acting without relying on the physical movements of your body.

Experience/Skills/Personality Traits: It’s important to have experience in reading new text aloud, improvisation, and acting because all of these elements will be used in this career. In regards to skills, acting skills, technology skills, and business skills are essential in this career. The acting skill speaks for itself, but the technology skill is essential because an individual must be comfortable with technology and using it in order to record their voices and create a demo reel (which is a recording showcasing the person’s voice-acting talents). Business skills are essential too because one must take charge in running their own business and marketing themselves to be hired. Similar to a singer/songwriter, a voice actor must have a persevering kind of attitude because things won’t fall into place so easily and quickly. A voice actor must be hard-working too and stay optimistic in spite of rejection. It’s expected for a voice actor to face some rejection when they attend a lot of auditions, thus they must stay positive despite those obstacles. 

Professional Associations or Unions: The Screen Actors Guild – American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (SAG-AFTRA); Alliance of Canadian Cinema Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA); EQUITY, Audio Publishers Association, The International Animated Film Society, etc.

Websites: ~~~This website provided a step by step guide on becoming a voice actor and also described the necessary skills one must have to become successful. ~~~This website also provided a step by step guide in becoming a voice actor and offered helpful tips. ~~~This website provided a career description of voice acting. ~~~This website gave information about the average salary. ~~~This website provided general tips/steps in becoming a voice actor. ~~~This website provided professional associations and unions for voice actors.

*Although I reached out to certain voice acting agencies, I was unable to get an interview with anyone*

I have chosen this career because I’ve always had a fascination with the voices behind well-known characters, such as Spongebob. I find it cool that a person is able to use just their voices to portray a character’s personality. In addition, some voice actors actually sing in their career too, so I’d still be able to pursue my passion and love for singing. I feel that I would be good at this position because this career requires voice technique and control, which I feel that I have gained through my practice with singing. I have also had experience in acting, so with more practice, I feel like I’d be able to use my voice to portray the personality of a character. I also enjoy and am good at reading, so that’s another advantage.

Isabella Sanchez: Career Essay #1 (Overdue)

Position: Singer/Songwriter (My #1 career choice)

Position Description: Singer songwriters are musicians who write and perform original songs. Depending on the circumstances, the individual can either perform the songs by himself/herself or have a band accompany him/her. Often, the singer will play instruments too such as the guitar or piano, which are used in their performances. In addition, they tour to promote their music and can schedule gigs from place to place. 

Salary Range: The salary can range depending on the singer’s experience and music quality ($15,287- 100,067). The average salary though is $39, 899 per year.

Education and Training: Music education, composition classes for songwriting, and voice lessons definitely help in practicing and improving the voice. While in college, pursuing degrees like a BM will allow you to take classes, such as music theory, which can help you understand music on a deeper level. Learning about the theory of music allows you to become a better songwriter, and helps you to make deeper connections with your music, which in turn the audience can connect to.

Experience/Skills/Personality Traits: It’s important to have experience in performing, especially in front of an audience. The more experience you have in performing in front of a crowd, the less likely you’ll experience stage fright. You can gain performance experience by signing up to sing at local mic nights, contests, and even posting videos on youtube. In terms of skills, besides having the skill of performing and writing your own songs, it’s good to have strong marketing skills and be familiar with technology. The reason for this is because it’s important to know how to publicize yourself and catch the attention of people, so they can listen to your performances. In regards to personality traits, when pursuing this career, it’s important to be persistent and hard-working because things won’t fall into place so easily and quickly. It’ll take a lot of time to build up your career and get more recognition.

Professional Associations or Unions: American Federation of Musicians (AFM); American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA); The American Society of Composers, authors, and publishers (ASCAP), etc.

Websites: ~~~This website essentially provided insight for all of the questions, like career description, salary, experience and skills needed, etc. It was the most useful website for me. ~~~This website provided the salary information. ~~~Provided the steps an individual needs to take in order to become a successful singer/songwriter. ~~~Provided insight of the lifestyle of an actual singer/songwriter named Gavin Davenport. ~~~Provided information about professional associations and unions.

In addition, I was able to interview Judi Jackson who is a growing musician that writes and performs her own songs. In fact, she recently released her new EP called “Blame It On My Youth” and was able to share her experiences to me.

1.) What are the benefits and rewards of being a singer/songwriter?

“I find great benefit and reward as a performer/singer/songwriter in hearing feedback from lovely humans like yourself, who write to me or come up to me in person after shows and state that they have been deeply moved or changed through my music. I strive to evoke thought and emotion, to create work that others feel they relate to, and connect with so this serves as a significant reward in that regard.”

2.) What are the challenges?

“One must be disciplined in this craft period. If you naturally are gifted with being a disciplined human being, congratulations…if you have more wild, sporadic tendencies, you may find longevity or quality of the work and growth within said work challenging. However, with this being said, discipline by definition is ‘the practice of training’ so anyone who is willing to seek out disciplinary behaviors can do so if they truly wish. I have had periods of extreme discipline and periods of extreme chaos and sporadic behavior…with time and growth, the artist must learn balance for true success, longevity, and happiness.”

3.) What aspects of formal training or work experience are most important in the success of being a singer/songwriter?

“I believe that technique and practice are vital aspects of formal training. Once you graduate school and are performing on a regular basis, touring, traveling, etc. is very tiring and very trying on your mind, body, soul, and spirit, so proper technique has saved my life many times, and is essential in longevity and quality within the work. At the end of the day, there is no better teacher than just getting out there and doing it – whether it be writing, performing, etc… you just have to do it.”

4.) What are the most important personal qualifications for the position?

“Hmmm, well seeing you asked about personal qualifications…that lends itself to the answer being specific, personally, to each individual, based on what he or she is trying to achieve.”

5.) What are the position’s employment and advancement prospects?

“You are your own boss who gives yourself your own advances through patience, knowledge, growth, and discipline.”

I have chosen this career because it’s been my dream and passion ever since I was young. I’ve always had a desire to pursue singing, and I’ve actually been performing ever since I was three years old. As I’ve grown older I’ve continued to carry that passion and let it grow, and I’ve gained performance experience. I feel that I would be good at this position because I have practiced singing for more than ten years, and I have gained valuable experience from performing at events like singing contests and school performances. 

Erin Seaton Career Essay 2

Erin Seaton

Potential Career in Journalism

Position Title: Journalist


Although music and acting are my main interests, another interest I would pursue if the others did not work out would be journalism. My other major here at school is communications, and I have been involved with journalism since middle school. I have worked on yearbook staffs and am currently the staff designer for Jacksonville University’s newspaper The Navigator. My favorite part of journalism is the ability to tell stories from so many different perspectives – writing done properly can truly work the imagination of a reader.


The median salary for a journalist is roughly $39,338. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly wage is $18.18. Education is required for this career; usually a bachelor’s degree in journalism, communications, or a similar field. Certain jobs may even require previous experience or an entry-level internship.


Depending on what field of journalism someone chooses to pursue, their everyday life can become very hectic. A journalist must be ready at any moment to report on a developing story, especially if it is a breaking news story. Another important part of being a journalist is the ability to remain unbiased about whatever they are reporting on. It can be very tempting to take a side in a story but when delivering the news, it is imperative to deliver the truth and tell the story as it is, free from embellishments or opinions.


Another thing I love the most about journalism is the fact that you get to learn so many things. By reporting on different things going on in the world, you become more culturally aware and gain the ability to view the world from the eyes of different people. If my career in music does not work out, I would be just as happy working as a journalist.




A Day in the Life of a Journalist:


Erin Seaton Career Essay 1

Erin Seaton

Future Career in Music

Position Title: Performer


Ever since I was young, it has been my dream to act. Growing up all I could think about was being in a movie and starring on the big screen with other famous actors. I had no other career choices in mind; acting was the only option for me. But when I was in the third grade, I discovered singing. I joined my elementary school’s choir and from there I fell in love with a different aspect of performing. Singing and acting were the perfect ways to express yourself with music and through the form of a character, respectively.


The median salary per year for an actor is roughly $49,363. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly pay was $18.70. There are no education requirements for becoming an actor, but it could be highly beneficial to an actor’s career if they step out onto the scene with previous acting experience or education under their belt. And there is no guarantee that an actor will get a “big break” after one or two auditions; in fact, it could take years of performing in smaller roles before an actor lands a big role that could define the rest of their career.


The median salary per year for a singer is roughly $39,899. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly pay was $25.14. There aren’t necessarily educational requirements to become a singer, but most performers usually hold a bachelor’s degree and will branch into other aspects of music careers, such as music teachers/professors, record label managers, etc.


My goal is to move to Los Angeles and break into the entertainment industry there. The cons of living in LA, however, are the extremely high prices for things such as apartment rent (approximately $1,949 for a one bedroom apartment) and the infamously crazy transportation. But despite the negatives, I won’t give up on pursuing something I’ve dreamt of for so long.





Actor or Actress Salary:


Musician or Singer Salary:


Cost of Living in Los Angeles:



Daniel Hubert – Careers in the Music Industry

Careers in the Music Industry

By Daniel Hubert


The music industry is evolving faster than ever before. Many services which could once be provided only by a record company, now can be handled by almost anyone in their own home. Faster, cheaper methods have replaced traditional, more costly recording practices. This has caused many occupations to merge together. When starting out in the music industry, it is best to be proficient in several areas. It is nearly impossible to tell where one’s next opportunity may come from. Take every job possible, you may be chosen simply because you are available. Once a certain level of professionalism is reached, however, focusing in on one area and becoming recognized as the best in that field is key to sustaining a career.

There is no definite job description for a music producer. Their responsibilities may vary between recording, engineering, writing and arranging for artists, as well as coaching performers or even performing on an album themselves. While producers may choose to take on any or all of these tasks, their main objective is to bring to life the vision of a songwriter. For prospective producers, is a good idea to develop skills in, and gather knowledge of every stage of production. Stay up to date on the latest advancements in equipment, software and techniques. Be familiar with a variety of musical genres and styles to better assist in the songwriting phase. Know how to give constructive criticism in order to help an artist achieve their best performance in the studio. Be familiar with the instruments being recorded and the best ways to record them. An understanding of recording equipment, such as mixing consoles and microphones, and how they function, is vital. Proficiency in Digital Audio Workstation software is necessary to be as efficient as possible.

Due to the nature of this profession, there is a wide variance in how much one typically makes and how it is made. Producers are usually contracted by independent artists or record companies to work on specific projects. They are sometimes employed by a record company to work with artists in their catalogue. They can be paid per hour of their time, by the number of songs they produce, or by a single fee per project. A label may also pay the producer a percentage of money earned from record sales in addition to their fee. If they have assisted with the writing or arranging of one or more songs, the producer is entitled to mechanical royalties from the record company just as the artist is. A producer’s salary is often related to their notoriety. Top tier producers who work with big name artists can bring in six or seven figures annually, while those less reputable may make under $50,000. Many beginners will start off taking unpaid jobs to become established. If working for a record label, the size and reputation of the label will also influence one’s paycheck. Very few producers are salaried employees, therefore, they are almost always responsible for providing their own healthcare.

Music producers and live sound engineers have many things in common. Both deal with similar mediums and clientele. Unlike a producer, however, live sound engineers have a more straightforward job description. Their job is to facilitate the amplification of instruments and voices in a live performance or broadcast. They are responsible for setting up and operating sound equipment in live venues and creating a good live mix. Mixing consoles, microphones, musical instruments and other equipment, as well as performers are dealt with in both occupations. Some knowledge of electrical engineering is necessary to fully understand the function of sound equipment, should it be necessary to troubleshoot or repair equipment on the road. Being able to work with other professionals is essential to functioning efficiently. An understanding of acoustics may be beneficial especially when having to adapt to different venues and rooms. Live sound engineers often travel with large acts on tour, covering every performance. They can also be employed by venues as resident engineers. Job opportunities may also arise in other areas like radio or television broadcasting, theatre productions and sporting events. The pay structure of a live engineer is similar to that of a music producer in that they are often payed per hour of their time. Reputation of the engineer and of their employer also has influence over pay. Annual salary ranges from $40,000 to $120,000 or higher.



Delbert Bowers – Discussion



Malik Lockhart – Career Essays

Essay #1: Musical Theatre Performer

The number one choice for my future career is to be a musical theatre performer, preferably on Broadway. Performing has always been my passion and being able to do it as a career one day would be a dream come true.  Although this career path can be enjoyable and rewarding, it is also a lot of hard work. The career path for every performer is slightly different and unique to the individual.I would be great at this career because I’m driven and motivated to get the work done. After doing research, I see that the possibilities are truly endless and there are many different paths to take on the way to the Broadway stage.

Musical Theatre performers are entertaining and engaging story tellers. They keep audiences interested in a performance by singing, acting, and dancing. There was a lot to learn about this profession. Performers can be trained in multiple ways. A formal training isn’t required but highly appreciated and accepted. The main ways to be trained as a performer are through a traditional four year college, a specific skill driven conservatory program, or taking specific classes and workshops. Performers also need to be skilled in time management because showing up to rehearsals, auditions, and performances on time is crucial for longevity in the industry. Performers also have to have good communication and interaction skills because your job may require you to meet audience members personally.

Performers must make at least $1,605 a week at minimum according to Actor’s Equity. Actor’s Equity is a union for all musical theatre performers. Once an actor gains membership into the union he or she is protected by its laws about pay, rehearsal times, and safety. It is important that all performers trying to have a career in the industry gain membership to the union eventually.

For my career essay I interviewed my past teacher, Kathleen, who has worked on Broadway. Here a brief summary of how it went.

What are the benefits and rewards of the position?
I love being able to wake up every morning and do what I love. I get to do something new and exciting with every new show.

What are the challenges?
Staying healthy is one of my biggest challenges. It is important to be able to sing high notes and do very involved choreography upto eight times a week.

What aspects of formal training or work experience are most important in the success of the position?
I trained in a musical theatre conservatory where all we focused on was acting, singing, and dancing. It is important that you are comfortable with whatever training style you choose.

What are the most important personal qualifications for the position?
I think being a hard worker is most important. Most people go into this career thinking it’s only going to be fun all the time, but then reality hits that they need this job in order to eat and everything changes.

What are the position’s employment and advancement prospects?
That depends on the roles in whatever show you are doing. You have your principal and ensemble roles and that’s pretty much it.

My plan for the future is to learn as much as I possibly can in school while building up my resume by doing shows inside and outside of school. I have already booked auditions for summer theatre and Walt Disney World. After school I want to move to New York, hopefully in the union, and start auditioning there. The sky’s the limit. There are endless possibilities.

1.Best Job Descriptions
This website gives job descriptions for every career imaginable. It was very easy to gain some quick knowledge from this website.

2. Shmoop –
This website was helpful for all of the ins and outs of the musical theatre career. This is website used for studying and preparing for a career while still in highschool and college.

3. Musical Theatre Training –
This is a website created by a Musical Theatre Professor to discussion auditions and proper training technique.

4. Actor’s Equity –
This is the official website for the Actor’s Union.

5. Wiki How –
This is a how to website. I was able to use it to set the steps of making a resume and what the important qualifications were.

6. Playbill –
This is a web magazine dedicated to the latest theatre news. I used this to research the current musical theatre business world.

7. Backstage –
This website is for actors. Backstage shows actors current and upcoming auditions as well as advice for actors.

8. Majoring In Music –
This website is for current and potential music majors. It shares important information about Education and Training.

9. Business Insider –
This is a website used for an inside look on all careers.

10. Salary –
I used this website for finding how much money a musical theatre performer makes.

Essay #2: Music Teacher for Preschool – Elementary

My second career choice was to be a music teacher for preschool to elementary aged children. Teachers train students and facilitate learning while maintaining a safe and healthy environment inside the classroom. I think I would be great at this career because I have always loved helping others and I think it would be great to share my love for music with young minds and shape the future. When I was younger I would help my mom teacher the younger kids at her job and I have loved it ever since then.

In order to be a teacher of any kind there are strict qualifications that a person must meet. Teachers should have at least four year degrees from traditional colleges in either education or the course they plan on teaching and must have in classroom training before accepting a job. The salary for a music teacher is around $65,000 a year. Not only do teachers have to be well educated, but they should be engaging for younger students to learn from. Teachers also have to be good leaders and managers while taking care of a group of students. I learned also that there are very many labour unions for teachers. These unions make sure that teachers are being treated fairly for their work.This is not my original plan but it is something to fall back on.

For the interview portion of my essay I interviewed my mom, Vanessa Lockhart. She is a Pre-K teacher.

What are the benefits and rewards of the position?
A great reward for me to know that I am ching these kids lives one lesson at a time. I also love to meet the kids years later and see who they are growing up to be.

What are the challenges?
Sometimes the kids can be a handful. You just have to hang in there until the end of the day, then go home and take a breather.

What aspects of formal training or work experience are most important in the success of the position?
You must have a degree and several hours of training inside of an actual classroom as a teacher’s assistant.

What are the most important personal qualifications for the position?
I feel like you really have to love what you’re doing in order to be a teacher or you’ll eventually just quit and give up.

What are the position’s employment and advancement prospects?
There are many ways you can grow, but it really depends on the school and what other positions are open and if you are qualified to fill those positions.

1. Teacher Certificate Degrees -
This website is for teaching job descriptions and explains how to be qualified to teach.

2. Sokanu –
This is a website used to calculate salaries for careers.

3. To Become A Teacher –
This a step by step guide how to become a music teacher.

4. Faculty Focus –
I used this website to determine the important traits for teachers to have.

5. FEAW –
This is the Florida Education Association Website, a union for teachers.

6. Teaching –
This is a resource with a lot of information for future teachers.

7. Wiki How –
This is a how to guide on being a music teacher.

8. Teaching –
This is an article about teaching at the elementary level.

9. Teaching –
This is a website dedicated to helping teachers be the best they can be.

10. Sudy –
This website is for studying purpose and career choice navigation.

Jackie Glassman – Career Essays

                                                      My First Career Choice


       My primary career choice is to be a musical theater performer on a Broadway stage. No position in this career is exactly the same. Each person experiences their own unique journey along this vigorous path. Musical Theater performers’ salaries tend to vary depending on numerous factors, including the popularity of the production as well as the role one is playing, however the standard salary begins at approximately $1,605 per week. To follow this career path, there isn’t really any required prerequisites as far as training goes. Almost anyone can take the necessary steps in order to make it to Broadway. These necessary steps include receiving an equity card and becoming a member of the “Union.” Casting directors aren’t concerned with anything but one’s talent and one’s look. That being said, it does pay to receive a proper musical theater education, as it prepares for the real world and allows for cultivation and polishing of raw talent. Along with a strong educational background, personality can get someone a long way in this business. Theater is about expression, therefore the most important and attractive characteristics to express are the characteristics that belong to you. In this industry it is incredibly important to be confident and comfortable in your own skin. In a pool of hundreds of thousands of others striving for the same exact goal as you, it is crucial to stand out, so instead of concealing the personality traits that make you “corky” or “strange,” embrace them and even highlight them.

           I interviewed Kimberly Beasley, a professor at Jacksonville University. Aside from teaching, she is an incredibly successful performer and I gained a lot of insight from the questions I asked. Her answers were enlightening. “The most rewarding part of performing,” she said “is the response received from the audience. Possessing the ability to trigger such intense emotions has to be the most rewarding part.” We also discussed the challenges of performing. She told me that the hardest part was moving from place to place and having to reestablish her reputation with each location shift. We then moved on to the most important aspects of formal training and work experience that warrant the most success. Professor Beasley shared that she had been trained by incredible professors. She believes that that was key to the cultivation of her talents and therefore the  development of her career. I then asked about the most important personal qualifications for the position and she shared that professionalism is key. Being responsible and on the ball, as well as “good at what you do,” will eventually book you a job.

Towards the end of our interview I started to discuss my fears and doubts majoring in such an unsteady career. She assured me that those feelings are perfectly normal and shared that I was not her first student to have spoken with her about this, and I wouldn’t be the last either. Although the likelihood is statistically slim, she assured me that if this is what I am passionate about, work the hardest out of everyone else and everything else will fall into place. It will not be easy, however it will be worthwhile.

             I have chosen this position because it is simply what I love. Theater and art is what motivates me to wake up in the morning, it’s the excitement within my day. I can’t see myself on a different path. This career requires intense endurance, ridiculous amounts of hard work, and a tough skin. I am fully willing to withstand all of the obstacles that will come my way, because I am passionate and determined and in love with expression and theater and art.


Resources Used:


Broadway Actor’s Salary Range


This website provides information on the salary of people within the entertainment industry, specifically actors performing on broadway.


Theater Acting: Job Description & Career Info


This website provides statistical facts pertaining to a job in the theater industry.


Character Traits

This article discusses the character traits that are attractive as a musical theater performer and what “personality traits” can be beneficial to a career in this industry


How do I become an Equity Performer?

The article discusses how to become an equity performer/ become a member of the union, both essential in the musical theater industry.


A Day in the Life of a Wicked Performer

This article provides first hand insight on what it’s like to live in the life of a successful musical theater major.


                                                             My Secondary Career Choice


    My secondary career choice is currently a music teacher for special education children. This job would require interactive music lessons with children learning at all different levels. Music is enjoyable and can be both calming and exciting for children. It is great to expose music to children at such a young age. Special Ed teachers typically work with Elementary school students with physical or mental disabilities. In order to pursue this career I would utilize my extensive music education background that I have acquired and implement that in a classroom setting and eventually become certified as a special education teacher. The job pays approximately $62,165 per year. Although it may not seem like very much, the rewarding feeling of allowing special needs children to find comfort and acceptance in music is fully worth it to me. Patience, kindness, warmth, and humbleness  are all key qualities of an excellent educator. It is crucial to be understanding and accepting in a world of cruel people, closed minded to others not like them.

              I interviewed Professor Beasley to gain insight on her experience as a music educator. She told me that the most rewarding part is witnessing growth within her students, watching them flourish and thrive. The challenging part is watching college students give up, seeing them stressed and overwhelmed. She said the most crucial way to be cultivated into a really great educator is to constantly get work experience. Shadow other teachers, take on an internship, do whatever you possibly can to get yourself out there and learn! The most important personal qualities to be successful is to “have patience” she said. Patience is the most important quality a teacher will ever possess. She also assured me that the likelihood of becoming an educator is quite large. Teachers are needed, especially special education teachers.

                 I chose this career because music is apart of my life that I never want to give up. Additionally, I’ve always been passionate about helping others, especially those with special needs. My little cousin is on the autism spectrum and her intelligence and kindness inspires me every day. I know that I’d love to work with children and help them grow. I am aware that this career comes with many challenges, however the rewards outweigh the challenges and I know this career will bring me fulfillment.



Resources Used:


Music Teacher Salary,13.htm


This article provides statistical facts about the salary that music teachers receive approximately.


Ten Traits of a Great Teacher


This article discusses the personality traits that are common within excellent educators


What are the Challenges of Being a Special Education Teacher?


Discusses the challenges that are bound to occur as a special needs educator.


How to Become a Special Education Teacher: Special Education Degrees and Careers


Discusses potential careers within the field and how to acquire the training and knowledge one needs in order to be successful as a special education major.


Special Education Teachers: Career Info and Requirements


Provides a chart of information and statistics involving the career.

Emily Gainforth Career Essay

Emily Gainforth

Music Profession

December 10th, 2017

Career Essays

Career Essay #1

Initially, I would like to be a tour manager. Tour managers make sure that artists and members of productions staff along with all other aspects of tour life go as smoothly as possible. For example, booking venues for their artists to perform and hotels for them to stay in. They also deal with the management of money whilst on the tour and promoters or venue managers. They also fill any other roles needed during shows. The usual salary range for a tour manger is from $42,000 to $67,000, with an average of around $55,199 a year. There is no required higher education or path to become a tour manger but an understanding of how to handle money like budgeting is very important. Many tour manager begin their careers as musicians then later make the transition to management, but basic skills with finances and time management are very important. Generally, a tolerant and patient personality is best for tour manager as they have to deal with many different kinds of people with varying ideas and temperament. There are no unions for tour mangers but there are groups of those in artist management that communicate and help each other.

I want to be a tour manager, because I think I am well suited for the job and I want to travel and experience different cultures. I am tolerant and a problem solver, but also enjoy planning things. I interviewed David Norman who has worked with many large bands and artists such as, Green Day and Prince.

  • What are the benefits and rewards of your position?
    • You get to travel extensively and experience different cultures, creeds, religions and food. It makes you into a more well-rounded person
  • What are the challenges?
    • Dealing with multiple personalities, lack of sleep, sometimes not eating at your usual scheduled time, the travel, dealing with unrealistic expectations and people at times *
  • What aspects of formal training or work experience are most important in the success of your position?
    • As one of my mentors taught me – learn and read EVERYTHING that you can, not only about tour management, but also tour accounting, production management and psychology. Attend the Tour Link Conference every January to network with people in this industry.
  • What are the most important personal qualifications for your position?
    • Patience, knowledge, having an open mind, doing your due diligence to learn and know the ins and outs about each show and to always having an answer for the artist. If you don’t know, just respond, “let me look into that and I’ll come back to you with an answer”.
  • What do you attribute most of your current success to, whether that be a person or choice?
    • Being well-rounded, open-minded, beginning the advance process / investigative work as soon as I receive the deal sheets from the agent, doing my due diligence, knowledge and PATIENCE.
  • If you could go back and do something in the beginning differently, what would it be?
    • Attend college
  • What is your advice for someone like me who is just starting out?
    • You have to learn the basics first of putting on a show. Become a part of your school’s concert division that puts on shows at your college. Try to become a volunteer or runner for your local promoter – Live Nation, AEG, C3 Presents, etc. Attend the Tour Link Conference in January in California. Find a mentor. READ anything and everything you can concerning this crazy world.


Career Essay #2

Once I am tired of traveling and moving around being a tour manger. I would like to be a concert hall manager. This will give me the ability to settle somewhere. Generally, a concert hall’s manager job is quite similar to a tour managers, but they work exclusively with their concert hall and multiple artists instead of one or two. They make sure the events of the night on concert nights go smoothly and work with lighting and sound engineers along with anyone working with the moving crew. They also deal with maintain the state of the venue and making sure gigs are coming in to perform.

Concert hall managers make between $32,000 and $34,000. The average is about $33,000. Generally, concert hall mangers begin as ushers or someone involved in the everyday maintenance of the venue and move up. They recommend that you ear degrees in management or business, but this is not required just helpful. Leadership is a very important quality for this job as you have a team who you work closely with. They recommend this job for someone who is a good multitasker and can handle pressure. They must also be tolerant, because like tour mangers they deal with people of all races, creeds and opinions.

There is a professional group of venue managers, the International Association of Venue Managers, that assist in training or promotion. I think this would be a good transition from tour management because it is quite similar to that of a tour manager. I believe that it will allow me to settle down and live somewhere for a longer period of time. I am again quite tolerant and am good with time management.




Summarizes the basics of tour management along with the recommended paths to take.


Summarizes the basics of managing a concert hall and all the requirements and recommendations.


Gives the average and ranges for salary of a tour manager.


Explains the main responsibilities of tour management more in-depth than my previous source.


This source explains the more educational steps to becoming a tour manager and what to learn.


This explains the tour management atmosphere in the United Kingdom and Europe.


This source is a specific example of a tour manager and what he does in his everyday life of working.


This source explains the ranges and average salaries of concert hall mangers.


This source explains the basics of managing a concert hall versus other musical management.


This source explains the skills and training that are helpful for doing venue management.

Career Essay 2


Career Profile – Music Professor: A music professor is someone who teaches a variety of different music related courses and arranges music related activities, such as performances or recitals, creates lesson plans to help students understand music related concepts, and grades student work at universities and/or other post secondary education institutions. The median salary for a post secondary music teacher is $65,340, but there is expected growth especially if one is able to receive tenure. A Ph.D is the most recommended degree and an essential higher education tool to qualify one for a music professorship, but a masters degree can qualify one for some positions. Aside from the paper requirements, the ability to be proficient on an instrument or voice is essential, as is the need to have strong communication skills. Altruism and a desire to help others is a needed personality trait as much as your time will be doing this. You also have to be adaptable to the needs of different students.


  1. Careers in Music
    This site contains information about the experience, education, skills, lifestyle, expected earning, typical personality traits, and union information for a university music professor, as well as tips for beginning the career. It’s presented as an interview with percussion music professor Raynor Carroll.
    This site summarizes the duties of a music professor and gives information on the typical salary and path to tenure.
  3. How to Become
    This source describes the typical duties and educational background of a music professor, provides guidance on getting the job, and details the typical salary.
  4. The Muse
    A professor shares advice on how to become a music professor and how to stay employed, as well as personality traits of successful professors.
  5. Inside Higher Ed
    Professor William Helmreich shares tips and personality traits that help secure a position as a professor.
  6. Push Pull Fork
    This webpage takes a more in-depth look at job prospects based on a doctorate education for a music professor.
  7. Slate
    This site goes into more detail about the rigorous hiring process and desired qualifications of a college professor.
    Information on the educational background, job duties, and salary range for a music professor.
  9. Berkeley
    The University of Berkeley shares the path to becoming a successful and tenured professor.
  10. Chronicle Vitae
    Karen Kelsky shares what makes a job applicant desirable for a tenured track position.


J Roe interview with professor John Ricci


Roe: What are the benefits and rewards of being a college music professor?

Ricci: Rewards, I guess you can kind of live in your art and constantly be in the thought process of that creative endeavor. Early on, I found living the life of an artist was difficult for me. It’s emotionally difficult to constantly be on the road, make a living as a musician, and still develop your own abilities. In terms of peace of mind, I can sit and think. I like talking about and sharing what it’s like to feel and play music. I’m like a jazz evangelist! Being a professor allows me to exist and challenge myself in the art and share with others while I do that.

Roe: So kind of like a combination of security and still being able to be an artist and musician?

Ricci: Yes, in a sense. But if I didn’t like to teach, it’d be another form of torture. Fortunately, I do like to teach and the mentorship process, and helping others become what they want to be. That aspect is really important to me.

Roe: So what are the challenges of actually doing that?

Ricci: I don’t know, pick one. Well, challenges become virtues in that sense. The challenges are that if you’re a musician and professor you have to balance that side of you that’s always going to have a performance expectation there, and be close to your instrument. The challenges are being able to juggle what it means to maintain a curriculum, administrate an area, make sure funding goes where it needs to go, be both a bureaucrat and an autocrat, whatever that means. You have to also be an artist, and turn around and also have a personal life. Being a professor in general, challenges are whether that you are papered enough. Different colleges will look at your qualifications as either not enough, just enough, or too much. Where is a master’s degree enough anymore?  And there’s also the fact that the college will look at what you’re doing and decide whether it’s applicable to their accreditation.

Roe: What aspects of formal training are most important to being a professor. From what you were just saying, would you say knowing your field or is it the graduate degree?

Ricci: Knowing your field, obviously. Although, it depends on your field. If you’re talking about music, a lot of times you have people who have been in the business long enough. In some cases they’re given honorary doctorates based on what they did! But you need a balance. You need field experience, you have to receive some positive reviews, you have to study with your instructor. But yeah, you have to have proof of the success of your efforts.

Roe: What would you say are the most important personal qualifications?

Ricci: You’ve got to be able to talk to people, to express yourself. You have to be passionate about what you’re teaching. You have to be able to convey ideas, which takes practice. You have to be patient and understand that influence and mentorship and a positive outlook are very important. It has to be based on genuinely caring about someone’s learning. You’re not just talking about stuff. You have to come at it from the viewpoint of why it’s important to the student. You have to genuinely care

Roe: What are the position’s employment or advancement prospects? How hard is it to get the gig? How is the potential to grow in that position from a job prospective?

Ricci: It’s challenging. You can’t expect to do it for the money. You can have problems with people not understanding your art. Sometimes you have to defend your right to do what you do, which is why tenure is so important. You have to remind people that you have a right to teach the way you do, and that you can guarantee results. You also need to find a place that will let you flourish with what you do. You’ll have to take jobs that don’t seem very appealing at first, but you have to do your chores until you get to where you want to be.


For me the only thing more rewarding than writing and performing is sharing that experience with others. Mentoring and teaching others is something I enjoy doing, so a professor job is perfect for me. I love to discuss musical concepts in detail and  I also enjoy the challenge of explaining those concepts to others, especially those who want to learn. Teaching music is a career that doesn’t inhibit my love for being a musical artist, but promotes it and lets me share it with others.

Career Essay 1


Career Profile – Composer: Creates original music for different forms of media or performance. A composer needs to be able to create musical scores that can be effectively read and performed, write music to evoke specific moods and emotions, and be able to use the appropriate technology to bring their (or their client’s) vision to fruition. A composer’s salary range can vary greatly but the median salary is $54,400 dollars annually. Degrees aren’t essential for the work, but regardless of the level, an education can truly make or break the skills you have developed in preparation for being a professional composer. Being dedicated to your craft is an essential trait, as is the desire to always hone and improve one’s art.The ability to be a tenacious self starter is also important due to the highly competitive nature of this field. Organizations such as ASCAP and BMI are essential for a composer as they protect and collect performance royalties for you. SCI is also a great organization for networking and receiving local information on calls for scores.

  1. Composer’s Toolbox
    The author of this blog details information needed for each composition project, how to get commissioned to write pieces, and suggested methods for charging based on the piece.
  2. Music School Central
    This site mainly focuses on the various income avenues for a concert composer. It also includes basic information about the position.
  3. Careers in Music
    This site contains information about the experience, education, skills, lifestyle, expected earning, and typical personality traits for a film composer, as well as tips for beginning the career. It’s presented as an interview with film composer and jazz saxophonist Jacob Yoffee.
  4. Kingsisle Blog
    A gaming composer describes necessary skills, education, networking, and personality traits needed to secure a job as a video game composer.
  5. ASCAP
    Film composer Jeremy Borum provides advice on how to find and secure commissions, as well as personality traits that are helpful in the industry.
  6. The Art Career Project
    This site provides basic information about being a composer, including work environment, education and skill requirements, and typical salary.
  7. Her
    An interview with film and advertisement composer Ciaran Birch that discusses his career path and what it takes to make it in the industry.
  8. Art of Composing
    This webpage describes a couple of the major subdivisions of composition careers: film composer, video game composer, music library creator, and concert composer.
  9. David von Kampen
    David shares advice for being a successful composer and mentions a few important skills.
  10. Careers in Music
    This site contains information about the experience, education, skills, lifestyle, expected earning, and typical personality traits for a video game composer, as well as tips for beginning the career. It’s presented as an interview with video game composer Chris Rickwood.

J Roe interview with composer Mark Snyder:

Roe: Do you consider yourself more of a freelance music composer or an artist?

Snyder: I never wanted to move someplace where I could be more successful. Like New York, LA, or Nashville but I was lucky that I wrote stuff that wasn’t appealing to a mass audience because otherwise I’d get bored. I mean I get to write klezmer music, americana, rock songs, experimental electronic, choir, and orchestra stuff. Whatever I’m interested in the moment. I guess I know I just didn’t want to hustle so much. I’d been hustling for 15 years and that’s why I decided to get an advanced degree and teach.

Roe: What are some of the benefits and rewards of being a composer?

Snyder: Adulation. The quickest benefit is the gratification of hearing your piece performed.It’s really special; I just like it. I like making things and I like seeing them come to life, and I really like impacting people with it.

Roe: What are some of the challenges that come along with doing that?

Snyder: That’s where things get more specific. It’s really hard to get people to play your stuff. So I play my own stuff or I put my own ensembles together. Plus I don’t like the thing in classical music where you work your ass off on something and then play it once and that’s it. So I take my show on the road, and I tour so it gives longevity to the music. When your talking to me specifically, I pretty much met all my challenges.

Roe: What about the challenges of entering the field as new composer?

Snyder: Well I think that’s where it started, just writing for my own groups. It’s different for each person. You’ll find a way to make it work or you won’t. There’s no challenge that’s presented that you can’t get around.

Roe: So, what aspects of formal training or just skills are most important to overcome those challenges?

Snyder: Ability to network, really strong web presence, great recordings of your work, really good pictures, good video, and really good ways to engage with people and make it so they really like what you’re doing. There’s really good music out there that gets no love because people don’t know how to sell it.

Roe: What would you say are some of the most important personal qualifications?

Snyder: You have to be outgoing. I mean which is bad cause you wanna chose this life so you can be in a room by yourself. You can always have someone who’s kind of championing it. I mean who are the best musicians here? Write for those cats because those are the ones who are gonna go on. You’re basically living with these people, so you have to like being around these people.

Roe: After you start making it as a composer would you say there’s any advancement prospects or is it entirely created by your own willingness to work?

Snyder: It really depends. I mean right now the bigger areas are in films or video games so that’s where the money is. But almost everyone I know whos a composer at this point there are very few who are just composers; they have some sort of teaching position.

Roe: So you have to be friends with Steven Spielberg?

Snyder: No you don’t. You have to be friends with the next Steven Spielberg. But the problem with that is Steven Spielberg knows the impact music has on films, and a lot of people don’t get that. They’d rather just have songs in a movie. So, you’re dealing with that. You just have to figure out a way to do it. Like I’m doing it through teaching. I mean you have to remember It’s a job and you’re getting paid to do something you probably aren’t very into.


For me, writing music has become something I need to do. I find it thoroughly demanding yet rewarding, and a way to truly express myself; a way to say things I have a tough time articulating. Although it’s a tough career path, as someone who loves to play, listen, and write music I find the challenge and notoriety of being a professional composer remarkably exciting and appealing. And for these reasons, I believe I have the necessary drive to overcome the obstacles and other tribulations associated with the position.